Cogen Biomass Facility Puts a Lid on Dust
June 4, 2012
By Martin Engineering
In the first phase of the cleanup, the complex project at Hibbing Public Utilities (HPU) included the addition or retooling of belt cleaners, new transfer points and modified chutes, settling zones and apron skirts, as well as vibration technology to improve material flow.
In the first phase of the cleanup, the complex project at Hibbing Public Utilities (HPU) included the addition or retooling of belt cleaners, new transfer points and modified chutes, settling zones and apron skirts, as well as vibration technology to improve material flow. Company officials have been so satisfied with the upgrades that they are considering additional system enhancements to several other conveyors.
|With the instalment of electric rotary vibrators, the probability of dust clogging the drop chutes was drastically decreased.
Hibbing Public Utilities has been providing electricity to the city of Hibbing, Minnesota, and surrounding area for more than 100 years, and currently owns and operates a co-generation plant that brings both steam heat and electricity to its service area. Under a 20-year contract with Xcel Energy, the firm currently produces about 300,000 MW hours of electricity per year, approximately 70% of it from biomass.
The fuel includes wood from open-loop sources (such as waste wood, limbs and agricultural waste) and closed-loop sources (dedicated crops of trees), with the goal being an average of 75% of the power generated from biomass fuels over the life of the agreement.
The material-handling system at the Hibbing site is critical to the plant’s efficiency, but from the time it began in 2007, controlling dust and spillage has been a challenge.
“When construction of the biomass operation was completed, we had three air-supported conveyors and one bucket-type conveyor feeding the material,” explained Gary Myers, assistant general manager and director of power production.
Because of the largely residential area in which the facility is located, controlling carryback and spillage were among the first priorities. After a thorough evaluation of the material-handling system, Martin Engineering technicians began by installing primary and secondary belt cleaners on all four conveyors.
“We installed electric brush cleaners on each conveyor,” observed Martin Engineering territory manager Tom Hines. “The rotating brush delivers good cleaning performance in difficult applications, including belts with ribs, grooves or chevrons, and belts carrying sticky materials or stringy fibres.”
“Part of the problem occurred on the three air-supported conveyors,” Myers recalled. “Some of the sections were at steep angles, and with the variable size and moisture content of the fuel, there were always chips that would fall back down.”
To address the issue, Martin Engineering technicians removed troublesome sections of the air-supported conveyor and replaced them with specially engineered transfer points. They also modified existing transfer points, installing drop chutes to help eliminate dust and transfer chutes with a hood-and-spoon design to improve the material flow.
“Reducing the material turbulence during transfers is key to preventing fugitive dust,” Hines observed. “By managing the material speed and direction, transfer chutes help minimize impact and wear on liners and belts, while containing the dust and spillage that are often generated at transfer points.”
|Hibbing Public Utilities currently produces about 300,000 MW hours of electricity per year, approximately 70% of it from biomass, with an overall goal of 75%.
The transfer chutes employ special geometries that capture and concentrate the material stream as it travels through. Each unit is customized to suit the specific material characteristics and conveyor systems of the individual customer. They provide the dual benefits of minimizing aeration and preventing buildup within the chute, which are particularly important when dealing with combustible materials.
The installation team also placed electric rotary vibrators in key locations inside drop chutes to reduce the potential for plugging. To further ensure control of fugitive material, settling zones were created at the transfer points to slow the air speed, with dust curtains to contain airborne particles.
Finally, skirtboard sealing systems were installed on the sides of the loading zones to contain dust, eliminate spillage and reduce cleanup.
With the modifications in place, HPU reports significant reductions in spillage and airborne dust. “We’re very pleased with the results we’ve seen in fugitive material control,” Myers concluded.
“We’re now reviewing several other conveyor sections to determine the opportunities for additional dust control measures. Our goal has always been to provide the Hibbing area with safe, reliable power that’s produced and delivered in an environmentally responsible manner, and this work is a reflection of that commitment.”
Founded in 1944, Martin Engineering is the world leader in making bulk materials handling cleaner, safer and more productive. For more information, visit www.martin-eng.com
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